Weekly Preaching: June 14, 2020

June 9th, 2020

Striking, always how the lectionary texts, prescribed many years ago, speak in such a timely way during Covid-19 and now in the wake of George Floyd. Hospitality, God in the stranger, a readiness for everything to change, the truth of all you don't already know - and then Jesus' deep emotional empathy with the crowds. God is in these texts.

* * *

Genesis 18:1-15 (21:1-7). The lectionary frustrates, as it skips Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, Noah, Babel, and the early phases of Abraham’s life. Alas. Without retelling all that, we come to the marvelous drama of the three visitors who materialize under the Oaks of Mamre.
 
Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, in his insightful Covenant and Conversation reading, sees Genesis 1-11 as a “tightly constructed four act drama on the theme of responsibility and moral development.” Adam and Eve fail to take personal responsibility; Cain refuses to assume moral responsibility; Noah (who saved only himself!) took no collective responsibility; and the builders of Babel know no ontological responsibility. Abraham reverses all four. He assumes personal responsibility, following God’s call; he is morally responsible, doing all he can to save Lot (so he is his brother’s son’s keeper!); he accepts collective responsibility, intervening for the people of Sodom (unlike Noah, who just boarded his boat without protest!); and he understands his ontological responsibility, willing to sacrifice even his son.
 
Sacks sees Abraham as “a new human type.” Until now, people viewed God’s command as “a constraint from which they strive to break free.” For Abraham, God’s command is his life. He calls him the “unheroic hero,” as it’s not about him, but about God. He’s flawed, laughable at times. And then the last laugh comes.
 
Abraham’s legendary hospitality takes on a startling reading among the rabbis who composed the Midrashim. Lingering over the Hebrew word by word, they read it as “The Lord appeared to Abraham. Seeing three men, Abraham hurried to them, interrupting God’s speech, asking God to wait until he had waited on his visitors.” Hospitality trumps even the Divine Presence in Judaism  or maybe Abraham models how to see and hear God in the persons of strangers.
 
Maybe spirituality is seeing strangers, noticing them, and discerning something angelic or even divine in them. These strangers have a kind of omniscience; they know Sarah’s impending pregnancy, and they can even read her silent thoughts just inside the tent. Robert Alter’s rendering is vivid: “Sarah no longer had her woman’s flow. And Sarah laughed inwardly, saying ‘After being shriveled, shall I have pleasure?’” The laugh, yitzak, is cynical, and ironic since we know the baby is coming, and that his very name Isaac, yitzak, means laughter. The sermon just has to play on this: How we might snicker at the possibility of new life, and then how when it comes we laugh — for the joy, or even at ourselves for our prior snickering.
 
"Weak Enough to Lead" by James C. Howell. Order here: http://bit.ly/WeakEnoughtoLead
Is the sermon about hospitality as a Christian virtue? What is hospitality during COVID-19? And during a season of reckoning with racism? Is it “He who receives you receives me” (Matthew 10:40)? Or is it about God doing what we can’t manage, even the impossible? I doubt many people I preach to expect anything extraordinary or beyond human capacity from God — that’s likely because I as their pastor don’t expect so much either. Perhaps it’s because we’ve reduced the impossible we fantasize about from God to health issues. I wonder if the hospitality is linked to the divine impossible. In a pretty cool Maybe God podcast about ministry with immigrants at the border (“Can Loving ‘Illegals’ Save Our Souls?”), pastor John Garland steadfastly refuses to talk about what he actually does. Instead, he speaks of simply being there to witness to the new thing God is doing. Can we get there without it appearing to be, or even being, bull****, or clergy PR?
 
* * *

Romans 5:1-8 just appeared in the lectionary on March 15, so check out my blog from Lent 3 with fairly extensive reflection on this great text.
 
* * *
 
Matthew 9:35-10:8 (9-23) provides an intriguing snapshot into a turning point in Jesus’ ministry, set between when he dazzles the crowds and draws a following and his sending out his followers to continue, expand and even augment his ministry. Matthew reports that Jesus has been curing “every” disease and “every” sickness, which can’t be reality. Donald Hagner calls the “every” here “hyperbolic and symbolic.” People still had cancer and Alzheimer’s and tooth decay and deafness after Jesus left town. If anything, his healings weren’t so people could feel better, but to serve as object lessons for his sermons. His #1 cure was for blindness, and he always then pointed out how the righteous people thought they could see but couldn’t.
 
This Jesus, the one who wept when Lazarus died and prayed in intense agony, had “compassion” on the crowds. The Greek esplanchnisthe connotes a twisting pain in the entrails, a writhing, intense emotion. It’s a common translation for the Hebrew riham, which means “womb” and points to the pangs the womb undergoes during the agonies of childbirth. A woman in labor: that’s how Jesus felt when he saw the crowds, total strangers, and yet he knew them so intimately.
 
He didn’t blame them for their plight, or pity their lackluster, colorless, futile existence as the utterly impoverished and despised people in the Roman empire. He understood that they were “harassed and helpless.” How harassed are your people? By their employers, by heartbreaking friends and family, by the chipper Facebook culture that depresses them, by the rancor of political ideology, by ads, by loneliness? The Greek for “helpless,” errimmenoi, means literally “cast down to the ground.” The preacher portrays, imitates and embodies Jesus himself by simply naming the miseries and frustrations people undergo all the time.
 
In Jesus Christ Superstar, Jesus, besieged by throngs seeking help, sings “There’s too many of you; don’t push me; there’s too little of me; don’t crowd me.” He needs help, more of himself. In our Gospel, Jesus asks his laborers to pray for more laborers! How do we join him in this prayer today? By poking around for laity who’ll get busy? Connecting with non-church people who might turn out to be the naïve, zealous type of new Christian who doesn’t know to be a lazy Christian yet? Or even investing time with sharp young people, middle- and high-schoolers, college students, and daring to ask if they’ve thought about ministry? I became a laborer in the field because an Episcopal priest took an interest in me, somebody with a zero religious resume, and asked if I’d thought about ministry. Never, ever… but it planted a seed that grew years later.
 
What does the relationship with Jesus look like? I’m fond of “following” as the image. Jesus goes, I try to stay close. He sets the path, I simply trail behind in his wake. In Matthew 9, Jesus looks at his followers and “sends” them. That is, without him (unless you count spiritually or mystically). They have to figure out where and how to go, and what to do. They have “authority”; what would that be for us? Not an M.Div. or that some bishop laid hands on me. It’s something more organic in me, or despite me. Maybe it’s just being fool enough to try; is that the authority? Is it trying to get out of the way and let Jesus be where I am?
 
I love it that the Gospels provide names of the twelve, although the lists are happily inconsistent. A dozen... with some wiggle room. They are in stained glass in my sanctuary, and little biographies (95% of which is total guesswork/fiction!) are posted in our children’s building.
 
Jesus, unhappily for me, directs them not to go to Gentiles but only to the Jews. I wish he’d urged the opposite, given anti-Semitism and our often strained relationships with Judaism. Hagner reminds us that this limitation is “temporary,” as Matthew’s Gospel later on sends Jesus’ people to the whole world. Maybe, if you're white, we translate this into our world as We begin with white people. So much to work on in here before we can connect and change out there.
 
Maybe we do go to the Jews first; not to proselytize, but to find common ground. As you saw above, my greatest learning in Scripture lately is from Rabbi Sacks. In our city of Charlotte, we have more in common, and can work more effectively with the synagogues than with many of the churches — including my own cantankerous Methodist denomination!
 
And while I’ve never tried it in a sermon, I do wonder about playing with the notion that the Kingdom “has come near.” It’s not in me, it’s not fully realized. But it’s close. It’s near. What’s near? My wife sitting next to me on the couch. My fears and anxieties, always hovering close by. Maybe it’s about developing some sort of dual vision/perception. I see the world as it is, but between the lines, as near as the breath I just took, the Kingdom really is close by — maybe like St. Augustine’s City of God?
 
Of course, if I really believed it were so close by, I wouldn’t build up securities or be so dang timid. St. Francis heard Jesus’ words about “take no bag, no silver,” and he and his friars (Italian for “brothers”!) did just that. I can't get there. I'm taking my bags, checking out my portfolio, garnering funds. I can only stand in awe, with a restless sense of penitence and yearning.

What can we say June 14? 2nd after Pentecost originally appeared at James Howell's Weekly Preaching Notions. Reprinted with permission.

comments powered by Disqus